BY TSIPPI FLEISCHER

Articles
musical creativity
research and education


Books


ABOUT TSIPPI FLEISCHER

Articles

Books
 
Return to the Top
ARTICLES IN THE FIELD OF MUSICAL CREATIVITY (in chronological order)
 
Concerning our identity between East and West (in Hebrew)
In: Research into Music [Publication of the Composers' League] Tel Aviv, June 1982
 
A very early article by the composer in which she states her own Credo and that of the community of composers of art music in Israel. This was at the time when her musical language was beginning to be recognized. [For original article: TF/East&WestHeb.pdf , English translation: TF/East & WestEng.pdf ]  
 
Tsippi Fleischer: An Israeli Composer in Cairo (in Hebrew)
In: Muzika 13 (April 1988), pp. 26-28
 
Tsippi Fleischer writes about her settings of Arabic te3xts, on instrumental works inspired by Arabic music and on her encounters with Arab musicians in Egypt and in Israel. Tsippi Fleischer Israeli Composer in Cairo  
 
Connecting with an historical moment (in Hebrew)
In: Gitit [Periodical published by Jeunesses Musicales Israel] Tel Aviv, February 1992.
 
A short testimony for the readers of Gitit, a music journal for the younger generation. It describes the moment at a particular point in history when Tsippi Fleischer felt obliged to compose her Oratorio 1492-1992.  
 
"Oratorio 1492-1992" (in Hebrew)
In: Opus [Periodical of the Association of Musicians and Music Teachers of Israel] Rehovot, Spring 1992. 2nd ed., Vol. 14, in Dukhan [supplement to Jewish Music, published by the Renanot Institute for Jewish Music] Jerusalem, 1996. Shortened version in IMI News 91/4-92/1 (in English).
 
A testimonial and extended analysis of Oratorio 1492-1992 including many interesting details on the entire compositional process.
[For original article: TF/AboutOratorioHeb.pdf , English shortened: TF/AboutOratorioEng.pdf ]
 
 
Is there a future for women in music?
[quoting the composer's lecture in MusicAlaskaWomen Conference, August 1993].
In: International League of Women Composers Bulletin. USA, October 1993.
 
The composer underwent a fascinating experience when invited to an international conference for women composers held in Fairbanks, Alaska, August 1993. The performance of her works - Ballade on Expected Death in Cairo [op. 20] and Resuscitation [op. 6] - was received very warmly. She made a provocative speech on the future of women in composition, reported verbatim in this article. Fleischer MusicAlaskaWomen lecture  
 
"The Gown of Night" (in Hebrew)
[A review to which the first publication of the score is attached. This score recreates the structure of the magnetic tape].
In: Issue No. 6 of the bulletin Archive of Israeli Music [Faculty of the Arts, Tel Aviv University] Tel Aviv, 1994.
 
The Gown of Night [op. 21, also op. 42], the magnetic tape based on the voices of Bedouin children, appears in the survey of the composer's testimony describing the work's structure and the fascinating process of its development. Of interest: the score in which the magnetic tape is reconstructed.  
 
Memories of Coptic Egypt – preparations for Daniel in the Lions’ Den
(1994-1996)
 
A detailed diary, written in 1994-1996, documenting the creative process leading up to the video-art Daniel in the Den of Lions - from the encounter with the Coptic community in Egypt, which provided the initial inspiration for the work, through the process of composition, audio recording and filming, up to the final product. This version of the diary includes scans of authentic documents and photographs of artworks related to key events in the creative process. Egypt Memories  
 
The Kuopio-Finland International Seminar
In: International League of Women Composers Bulletin. USA, February 1995.
 
In the summer of 1994 the composer was sent by the Israel government as its representative to the Kuopio Festival in Finland where she was hosted by the Finnish government. The contents of her talk on Oratorio 1492-1992 integrated extremely well into the conference taking place concurrently with the festival and which dealt with the connection between the three religions: Judaism-Christianity-Islam. This article describes Fleischer's vivid impressions of the conference and festival. [For full article: TF/KuopioEng.pdf ]  
 
The cantata "Like Two Branches"
In: International Choral Bulletin. Namur (Belgium), October 1996.
 
A comprehensive analysis of her landmark cantata Like Two Branches [op. 24]; the article surveys many aspects of the work also utilizing an in-depth analysis prepared as a seminar project by Shulamit Feingold at Tel Aviv University. Many music examples are included. The complete article was translated into German and French and was thus made available to choir conductors throughout the world. The full article can be downloaded in English, German, French, and Spanish.  
 
The Cantata "Like Two Branches" (enlarged)
Vocal music composed in Israel to Arabic texts - how vocal art music draws inspiration from its environment in the Middle East. Published by the author, Haifa, October 1997.
 
The article surveys in great detail the sources of inspiration, the process of composition, structure of the text, and the musical and stylistic structure of the cantata Like Two Branches. It abounds in musical examples (both from the score itself and from other sources) and in rare graphic components. This is a testimonial of extreme significance written by the composer herself about her most important work. It was written four years after the cantata's premiere recorded on a disc issued by Schwann Koch Aulos (3-1420-2). The article was commissioned by the International Choral Bulletin where it appeared in a shortened form. Here it is given in its original unedited version. [For full article: TF/LikeTwoBranchesEng.pdf]  
 
Structural aspects of my music as Illustrated in the tape work of "The Gown of Night" and the cantata "Like Two Branches"
In: Organised Sound (Cambridge Univ. Press). Cambridge, Great Britain, April 1998.
 
A long 42-minute work - the cantata Like Two Branches [op. 24] and a short 2'40"-minute work - The Gown of Night [op. 21/42] are presented side by side as a basis for debate on the structural effects in Tsippi Fleischer's compositions. The bulletin Organised Sound of Cambridge University is distributed widely and read by composers and musicians of note throughout the world.  
From the Local to the Global - The Structural Aspect of my Musical Compositions: An Examination of my tape work of "The Gown of Night" and the cantata "Like Two Branches" (in Hebrew)
In: Mafetah (Key) - Journal of Music Teachers, vol. 3. Jerusalem: The Ministry of Education, January 1999
In this article, the composer introduces two compositions based on Arabic texts - the magnetic tape "The Gown of Night" (1988) and the cantata "Like Two Branches" (1989). The article surveys the two works' compositional process and sources of inspiration, and reflects on the primary analytical aspects. The author also points out the pedagogic aspects of her composition. In an appendix to the article, the composer describes her encounters with three world-renowned performers - oboist Heinz Holliger, cellist Siegfried Palm and kanun player Vartuhi Lepejian - which formed part of the compositional process. http://tinyurl.com/2vn2jzw
 
Leben - Staendige Wiedergeburt
In: Viva Voce (the "Frau und Musik" Bulletin). Frankfurt, Summer 2003
 
An extensive interview with the composer, highlighting the surges of creativity throughout her life. This took place during her stay in Frankfurt in July 2003 while she was hosted by the Frau und Musik Archive and dealt with early publicity prior to the staging of her opera Medea in its European premiere in Oper Koeln about half a year later. [For full article:Viva Voce]  
 
"Like Two Branches" - years after (in Hebrew)
In: Tav + [No. 3: A Voice of Their Own] [Music-Arts-Society - Pardes Publications]. Haifa, Spring 2004.
 
Many years after the compositional process and after the publication of detailed analyses, the composer feels that her cantata Like Two Branches to a text by the Bedouin poetess Al-Khansa [6th century, Arabian peninsula] may possibly be the work by which her place/importance in world art music will be determined. This is discussed in her revealing article, with a contemporary look towards the past and the future. Like Two Branches Years After  
 
My association with Sasson Somekh (in Hebrew)
In: Moznayim, Nos. 5-6, vol. 82, January-February 2009 [bi-monthly of The Hebrew Writers Association in Israel], Tel Aviv, winter 2009.
 
The composer reviews from a personal point of view her association with Sasson Somekh, the researcher and translator of Arabic literature and poetry, since having been a student of his at Tel Aviv University in the early 70s. These encounters signify her direction of many years standing in the artistic settings of Arabic texts. My Association with Sasson Somekh  
 
On Avram Oratorio on the Birth of Monotheism, Opus 72 (2011)
In: Box of Late Opuses, VMM 1065 (2013)
 
Tsippi Fleischers notes on this work, from her CD Box of Late Opuses. Commentary on Avram  
 
On Sixth Symphony: The Eyes, Mirror of the Soul, Opus 73 (2011)
In: Box of Late Opuses, VMM 1065 (2013)
 
Tsippi Fleischers notes on this work, from her CD Box of Late Opuses
Commentary on Sixth Symphony
 
I am an example of a person who was picked by music an interview with Tsippi Fleischer (2013)
An interview with Tsippi Fleischer published in a Bratislava arts periodical, following the premiere performance of the English opera of her childrens opera Oasis. Oasis Bratislava Premiere interview



ARTICLES IN THE FIELD OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

(in chronological order)




In 1972-1974, while studying for a Masters in Music Education at NYU, Tsippi Fleischer wrote a number of papers which received high grades and earned considerable praise. These papers are published below as testimonials of her involvement and creative approach to teaching music and to research in music education.


The conflict between Classical form and Romantic content (reflected by piano music of Schumann, Brahms and Liszt)
(1972)
Works analysed in this paper include: Chopins Prelude Op. 28 No. 15; the first movement from Schumanns first symphony; the first movement of Schumanns piano concerto; Brahmss Capriccio Op. 116 no. 3; Brahmss Capriccio Op. 76 No. 2; Chopins Waltz Op. 64 No. 2; Chopin Sonata Op. 35; Schumanns Sonata Op. 22; Brahmss Sonata Op. 5; and Liszts B-minor Sonata. Conflict Between Form and Content
A Survey of Researches Made on Arabic Music in the Middle East
(1973)
A comprehensive and (for the time of writing) up-to-date literature survey including a preliminary survey of the relevant repertoire, and of the challenges confronting scholars in this field. Arabic Music literature survey
Education to Humanity through the Chorales of Bach
(1973)
A proposal for a teaching method which uses Bachs chorales, not only to teach musical topics and skills, but also to broaden the students horizons and to increase their awareness of their basic humanity, above and beyond the immediate professional needs of the musical world. The document also includes the examiners assessment. Teaching Humanity through Bach Chorales
Personal Opened model
(1974)
An assignment for the course Models in Early Childhood. A model for developing creativity in specially-talented children, combining classwork with individual study time for each student an innovative idea for that time. Personal Opened Model
The Social and Musical Phenomenon of the Beatles: Research Involving Music Analyses. Masters thesis
(1974)
A comprehensive masters thesis, which includes an analysis of the Beatles as a social phenomenon, an analysis of their songs, and suggestions for using their songs as teaching materials for children, youth and professional musicians. Beatles Social and Musical Phenomenon



Beethovens Op. 47 (1802/3), first movement
(1983)
Tsippi Fleischers analytic survey, submitted in January 1983 as an assignment for Leonard Ratners course Beethovens Quartets at Bar Ilan University. Beethovens Opus 47
The Mixtural aspects of Verdis harmonic language examples from the opera Otello
(1984; in Hebrew)
An analytic assignment which Tsippi Fleischer submitted to Andre Hajdu during her doctoral studies at Bar Ilan University. Mixtural Elements in Verdi
The kibbutz "giants" of Hebrew Song:
Matityahu Shelem, David Zehavi, Yehuda Sharet
(in Hebrew)
In: Musica [Publishers: Musica Itonut Ltd., Bulletin No. 12]. Tel Aviv, March 1988.
A survey of the personal image of each of the three composers - Matityahu Shelem (Ramat Yohanan), David Zehavi (Na'an), Yehuda Sharet (Yagur, Neve Yam) - and their contribution to Hebrew Song. [For full article: TF/AnakeyKibbutzHeb.pdf, Samples of Sharet's work: SharetWork
In memoriam: Misha Appelbaum (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, March 1993.
A comprehensive survey of the life of Misha Appelbaum, oldest of Tsippi Fleischer's students, who died in January 1993. [For full article: TF/MishaAppelbaumHeb.pdf]
Hebrew Song as an aid to multidisciplinary education (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, March 1993.
The study of Hebrew Song embraces a variety of fields: Hebrew poetry, the Bible, nature, geography, and more. This diversity, especially in the sphere of education, makes for a great deal of multidisciplinary interaction. [For full article: TF/ZemerIvriKe'emtsaiHeb.pdf ]
An encounter between Arab music and Western Music? (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, June 1993.
Because of the basic differences in the domain of texture, rhythm and tonal units between musical cultures in the West and the East, the question arises: is it possible to create some kind of homogeneity from the two? [For original article: TF/Arab&WestMusicHeb.pdf , English translation: TF/Arab&WestMusicEng.pdf ]
The Emek: a dream - songs of the Jizreel Valley (in Hebrew)
In: The Jizreel Valley 1900 - 1967 [Idan series, Vol. 17, Yad Ben Zvi]. Jerusalem, 1993.
In the framework of Yad Ben Zvi's "Idan" series that deals with the history of Zionism, songs of the Jezreel Valley (the Emek) are discussed, reflecting as they do, the way of life in the Emek and its kibbutzim during the years 1900-1967. [For full article: TF/HaemekHuHalomHeb.pdf ]
To nurture the student's creative potential (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, February 1994.
The "tour of sounds" in Jerusalem during the weekend of November 19-20, 1993 (organized for students of the Levinsky College of Education), intensified the musical/sensory experience by direct exposure to sounds of Jewish, Christian and Islamic liturgy. [For full article: TF/LiftoachTsoharHeb.pdf ]
Female Self-Sacrifice in Classic Opera: Cherubinis Medea compared to Glucks Alcestis and Beethovens Leonore
(1995/2017)
A comparative survey which Tsippi Fleischer formulated as part of her doctoral research on Cherubinis Medee. The revised version can be downloaded in English and in German
From the 50s to the 60s: The Changeover in Hebrew Song [1957-1964]
(in Hebrew)
In Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, March 1995
From the fields to the concert hall, from playing the accordion to the recording studio - these developments reflect the huge changeover that took place in Hebrew Song from the 50s to the 60s. [For full article: TF/MahapachHeb.pdf ]
On Dance Song
In: Makhol Be-Israel [Dance in Israel] 6 (September 1995), p. 53 (in Hebrew)
A comprehensive, succinct survey of folk dances in Hebrew-Israeli song. Hebrew Dance Songs
Personal portfolio: educational Credo [Thoughts on education] (in Hebrew)
Levinsky College of Education. Tel Aviv, June 1998.
Central to Tsippi Fleischer's educational Credo is the placing of the student as subject of the lesson; it is the student who is the focus of the teacher's endeavors. TF/Talkit.pdf
The environment and ourselves from a musical standpoint (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, June 1999.
The best way to study and understand the world of sound surrounding us is to experience it by as much active listening to music as possible and by creative participation; accompanying the above are conclusions on analytic aspects. [For full article: TF/AnahnuVehasvivaHeb.pdf ]
Children's songs: old and new (in Hebrew)
In: Hed HaGan [Quarterly on the Education of Infants, published by the Teachers' Association, Kindergarten Teachers' Division]. Tel Aviv, June 2001.
An extensive survey of children's songs in Hebrew focusing on Jewish holidays, and the contribution of rock musicians to the repertoire of these songs. At the end: a detailed discography of children's songs. [For full article: HedHaGan.pdf ]
Aharon Zeev and Avraham Shlonsky - words and music (in Hebrew)
In: Research into Children's Literature [Levinsky College of Education, Levin Kipnis Center]. Tel Aviv, 2002.
Songs sung to the words of these two poets - "Tey ve'orez yesh beSin" - "Tea and rice they have in China" (Shlonsky; a folksong) and "Anu nos'im lapidim" - "We carry flaming torches" (Zeev; melody: Mordechai Zeira) were discussed comprehensively during a study day devoted to the poets' creativity on the 100th anniversary of their birth. (The study day was held under the auspices of the Levin Kipnis Center for Children's Literature, the Levinsky College of Education, March 1, 2001). This is a shortened version of Dr. Tsippi Fleischer's lecture. [For full article: TF/ZeevShlonsky.pdf ]
Music as a link between Judaism and art (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, 2002.
Music as a link between Judaism and art is at the core of the late Noa Yeffet's being. The esteemed educationalist had been one of Tsippi Fleischer's students; in her memory and based on Noa's spiritual legacy, Fleischer established a Study Corner in the Levinsky College. [For full article: TF/MusicYahadutOmanutHeb.pdf ]
One star alone (in Hebrew)
In: Oznayim [Library Project of the Music Department, Ministry of Education and Culture]. Jerusalem, October 2002.
Matti Caspi - an individual yet universal musical figure; his compositional processes and the facets of his creativity combined to fashion a particularly important effect in the music world which, according to Fleischer, justifies the writing of a book devoted to him alone.
Noa Yeffet is no more: from the curator (in Hebrew)
[Two articles and editing - in the Study Corner in honor of the late Noa Yeffet]. [Levinsky College of Education, Milev]. Tel Aviv, February 2003.
Deeply moved by the late Noa Yeffet's personality, Tsippi Fleischer describes the process of establishing the Study Corner dedicated to Noa; the material of the Study Corner was part of her spiritual legacy and includes many items in a variety of formats (folders, books, and more). Copies of the pamphlet are located nearby the Study Corner itself, "Merhavim" area, room 122 at the Levinsky College of Education.
Umm Kulthum the Disciplinary Western Scholars approach
In: Tav-Plus 3 A Voice of their Own (Spring 2004), pp. 130-134 (in Hebrew)
A review of a Hebrew translation of Virgina Danielsons Umm Kulthum, Arabic Song, and Egyptian Society in the Twentieth Century. Virgina Danielsons Umm Kulthum review
Matti Caspi's Harmonic language
Hebrew and English. In: Min'ad - on line [Israel Studies in Musicology]. (Vol.4 - 2005) English. Ramat Gan, 2005.
From the book-in-preparation on Matti Caspi's harmonic language. The song "Mishehu" - "Someone" (words: Ehud Manor) is presented here to illustrate the composer's rich harmonic language.
How shall we harmonise childrens songs: from Engel to Rechter
A lecture at Levinsky College of Education, Tel Aviv, 1 June 2008 (in Hebrew)
A transcript of Tsippi Fleischers lecture at a study day on Hebrew childrens songs. Harmonising childrens songs.
Joel Walbe: A Musical Profile (in Hebrew)
(2008)
A detailed article, including a comparative analysis, written especially for the website Zemereshet. Joel Walbe Musical Profile
Yehuda Sharrett: Extended documentation of events in his memory at the Levinsky College of Education, 25 January, 2009 (in Hebrew)
A special webpage which Tsippi Fleischer prepared for the website Zemereshet following a study day which she initiated and produced at the Levinsky College, documenting the heritage of Yehuda Sharrett composer, conductor, and a key figure in Israeli musical life generally and Hebrew song in particular. The webpage links to articles by Fleischer, lectures and papers by many other scholars, musicians and family members, and several rare recordings. https://www.zemereshet.co.il/artist.asp?id=157
Erez Rapoport In Memoriam
(2009; in Hebrew)
Tsippi Fleischers eulogy to her former pupil, Dr. Erez Rapoport a young lecturer at Tel Aviv University, and one of the most promising figures in musicology and music theory in Israel, following his untimely death in 2009. Erez Rapoport in memoriam
Nathan Zakh dressed as a rocker -
Matti Caspi interprets
(in Hebrew)
In Peimot [No.1] [Journal for Music and Culture under the auspices of Tel Aviv University: The Sam Rubin Department of Musicology - the Buchman-Mehta School of Music - Yolanda Katz Faculty of the Arts]. Resling Publications, Tel Aviv, summer 2010.
Two artists who have defined new aesthetic criteria in Israeli culture came together to form a new artistic conception. It is presented here by a musical and literary analysis of two of Nathan Zakh's poems set by Matti Caspi - "Loh" (No) and "Leil Sharav" (Hot dry night). Musical examples are incorporated in the article.
Tsippi Fleischer - Interview with a Composer and Educator (In Hebrew)
The Israeli Ministry of Education website (2010-2011).
A 35-minute audio-visual interview with Tsippi Fleischer, posted on Israeli Ministry of Education (Superintendent of the Music Education) website, in seven sections, which are also available separately:
(1) Overture; (2) My path in music; (3) Music education; (4) Hebrew song; (5) Song harmonization; (6) Creativity and Composition; (7) Coda: My Love for Israel. To watch the complete interview: http://tinyurl.com/2ek6qye
On teaching Harmony
(2017; in Hebrew)
A retrospective survey of Tsippi Fleischers methods in teaching Harmony, and of the ideals which guided her in this field. On Teaching Harmony