BY TSIPPI FLEISCHER

Articles
musical creativity
research and education


Books


ABOUT TSIPPI FLEISCHER

Articles

Books
 
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ARTICLES IN THE FIELD OF MUSICAL CREATIVITY (in chronological order)
 
Concerning our identity between East and West (in Hebrew)
In: Research into Music [Publication of the Composers' League] Tel Aviv, June 1982
 
A very early article by the composer in which she states her own Credo and that of the community of composers of art music in Israel. This was at the time when her musical language was beginning to be recognized. [For original article: TF/East&WestHeb.pdf , English translation: TF/East & WestEng.pdf ]  
 
Connecting with an historical moment (in Hebrew)
In: Gitit [Periodical published by Jeunesses Musicales Israel] Tel Aviv, February 1992.
 
A short testimony for the readers of Gitit, a music journal for the younger generation. It describes the moment at a particular point in history when Tsippi Fleischer felt obliged to compose her Oratorio 1492-1992.  
 
"Oratorio 1492-1992" (in Hebrew)
In: Opus [Periodical of the Association of Musicians and Music Teachers of Israel] Rehovot, Spring 1992. 2nd ed., Vol. 14, in Dukhan [supplement to Jewish Music, published by the Renanot Institute for Jewish Music] Jerusalem, 1996. Shortened version in IMI News 91/4-92/1 (in English).
 
A testimonial and extended analysis of Oratorio 1492-1992 including many interesting details on the entire compositional process.
[For original article: TF/AboutOratorioHeb.pdf , English shortened: TF/AboutOratorioEng.pdf ]
 
 
Is there a future for women in music?
[quoting the composer's lecture in MusicAlaskaWomen Conference, August 1993].
In: International League of Women Composers Bulletin. USA, October 1993.
 
The composer underwent a fascinating experience when invited to an international conference for women composers held in Fairbanks, Alaska, August 1993. The performance of her works - Ballade on Expected Death in Cairo [op. 20] and Resuscitation [op. 6] - was received very warmly. She made a provocative speech on the future of women in composition, reported verbatim in this article.  
 
"The Gown of Night" (in Hebrew)
[A review to which the first publication of the score is attached. This score recreates the structure of the magnetic tape].
In: Issue No. 6 of the bulletin Archive of Israeli Music [Faculty of the Arts, Tel Aviv University] Tel Aviv, 1994.
 
The Gown of Night [op. 21, also op. 42], the magnetic tape based on the voices of Bedouin children, appears in the survey of the composer's testimony describing the work's structure and the fascinating process of its development. Of interest: the score in which the magnetic tape is reconstructed.  
 
The Kuopio-Finland International Seminar
In: International League of Women Composers Bulletin. USA, February 1995.
 
In the summer of 1994 the composer was sent by the Israel government as its representative to the Kuopio Festival in Finland where she was hosted by the Finnish government. The contents of her talk on Oratorio 1492-1992 integrated extremely well into the conference taking place concurrently with the festival and which dealt with the connection between the three religions: Judaism-Christianity-Islam. This article describes Fleischer's vivid impressions of the conference and festival. [For full article: TF/KuopioEng.pdf ]  
 
The cantata "Like Two Branches"
In: International Choral Bulletin. Namur (Belgium), October 1996.
 
A comprehensive analysis of her landmark cantata Like Two Branches [op. 24]; the article surveys many aspects of the work also utilizing an in-depth analysis prepared as a seminar project by Shulamit Feingold at Tel Aviv University. Many music examples are included. The complete article was translated into German and French and was thus made available to choir conductors throughout the world.  
 
The Cantata "Like Two Branches" (enlarged)
Vocal music composed in Israel to Arabic texts - how vocal art music draws inspiration from its environment in the Middle East. Published by the author, Haifa, October 1997.
 
The article surveys in great detail the sources of inspiration, the process of composition, structure of the text, and the musical and stylistic structure of the cantata Like Two Branches. It abounds in musical examples (both from the score itself and from other sources) and in rare graphic components. This is a testimonial of extreme significance written by the composer herself about her most important work. It was written four years after the cantata's premiere recorded on a disc issued by Schwann Koch Aulos (3-1420-2). The article was commissioned by the International Choral Bulletin where it appeared in a shortened form. Here it is given in its original unedited version. [For full article: TF/LikeTwoBranchesEng.pdf]  
 
Structural aspects of my music as Illustrated in the tape work of "The Gown of Night" and the cantata "Like Two Branches"
In: Organised Sound (Cambridge Univ. Press). Cambridge, Great Britain, April 1998.
 
A long 42-minute work - the cantata Like Two Branches [op. 24] and a short 2'40"-minute work - The Gown of Night [op. 21/42] are presented side by side as a basis for debate on the structural effects in Tsippi Fleischer's compositions. The bulletin Organised Sound of Cambridge University is distributed widely and read by composers and musicians of note throughout the world.  
From the Local to the Global - The Structural Aspect of my Musical Compositions: An Examination of my tape work of "The Gown of Night" and the cantata "Like Two Branches" (in Hebrew)
In: Mafetah (Key) - Journal of Music Teachers, vol. 3. Jerusalem: The Ministry of Education, January 1999
In this article, the composer introduces two compositions based on Arabic texts - the magnetic tape "The Gown of Night" (1988) and the cantata "Like Two Branches" (1989). The article surveys the two works' compositional process and sources of inspiration, and reflects on the primary analytical aspects. The author also points out the pedagogic aspects of her composition. In an appendix to the article, the composer describes her encounters with three world-renowned performers - oboist Heinz Holliger, cellist Siegfried Palm and kanun player Vartuhi Lepejian - which formed part of the compositional process. http://tinyurl.com/2vn2jzw
 
Leben - Staendige Wiedergeburt
In: Viva Voce (the "Frau und Musik" Bulletin). Frankfurt, Summer 2003
 
An extensive interview with the composer, highlighting the surges of creativity throughout her life. This took place during her stay in Frankfurt in July 2003 while she was hosted by the Frau und Musik Archive and dealt with early publicity prior to the staging of her opera Medea in its European premiere in Oper Koeln about half a year later. [For full article:Viva Voce]  
 
"Like Two Branches" - years after… (in Hebrew)
In: Tav + [No. 3: A Voice of Their Own] [Music-Arts-Society - Pardes Publications]. Haifa, Spring 2004.
 
Many years after the compositional process and after the publication of detailed analyses, the composer feels that her cantata Like Two Branches to a text by the Bedouin poetess Al-Khansa [6th century, Arabian peninsula] may possibly be the work by which her place/importance in world art music will be determined. This is discussed in her revealing article, with a contemporary look towards the past and the future.  
 
My association with Sasson Somekh (in Hebrew)
In Moznayim, Nos. 5-6, vol. 82, January-February 2009 [bi-monthly of The Hebrew Writers Association in Israel], Tel Aviv, winter 2009.
 
The composer reviews from a personal point of view her association with Sasson Somekh, the researcher and translator of Arabic literature and poetry, since having been a student of his at Tel Aviv University in the early 70s. These encounters signify her direction of many years standing in the artistic settings of Arabic texts.  



ARTICLES IN THE FIELD OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

(in chronological order)
The kibbutz "giants" of Hebrew Song:
Matityahu Shelem, David Zehavi, Yehuda Sharet
(in Hebrew)
In: Musica [Publishers: Musica Itonut Ltd., Bulletin No. 12]. Tel Aviv, March 1988.
A survey of the personal image of each of the three composers - Matityahu Shelem (Ramat Yohanan), David Zehavi (Na'an), Yehuda Sharet (Yagur, Neve Yam) - and their contribution to Hebrew Song. [For full article: TF/AnakeyKibbutzHeb.pdf, Samples of Sharet's work: SharetWork
In memoriam: Misha Appelbaum (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, March 1993.
A comprehensive survey of the life of Misha Appelbaum, oldest of Tsippi Fleischer's students, who died in January 1993. [For full article: TF/MishaAppelbaumHeb.pdf]
Hebrew Song as an aid to multidisciplinary education (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, March 1993.
The study of Hebrew Song embraces a variety of fields: Hebrew poetry, the Bible, nature, geography, and more. This diversity, especially in the sphere of education, makes for a great deal of multidisciplinary interaction. [For full article: TF/ZemerIvriKe'emtsaiHeb.pdf ]
An encounter between Arab music and Western Music? (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, June 1993.
Because of the basic differences in the domain of texture, rhythm and tonal units between musical cultures in the West and the East, the question arises: is it possible to create some kind of homogeneity from the two? [For original article: TF/Arab&WestMusicHeb.pdf , English translation: TF/Arab&WestMusicEng.pdf ]
The Emek: a dream - songs of the Jizreel Valley (in Hebrew)
In: The Jizreel Valley 1900 - 1967 [Idan series, Vol. 17, Yad Ben Zvi]. Jerusalem, 1993.
In the framework of Yad Ben Zvi's "Idan" series that deals with the history of Zionism, songs of the Jezreel Valley (the Emek) are discussed, reflecting as they do, the way of life in the Emek and its kibbutzim during the years 1900-1967. [For full article: TF/HaemekHuHalomHeb.pdf ]
To nurture the student's creative potential (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, February 1994.
The "tour of sounds" in Jerusalem during the weekend of November 19-20, 1993 (organized for students of the Levinsky College of Education), intensified the musical/sensory experience by direct exposure to sounds of Jewish, Christian and Islamic liturgy. [For full article: TF/LiftoachTsoharHeb.pdf ]
From the 50s to the 60s: The Changeover in Hebrew Song [1957-1964] (in Hebrew)
In Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, March 1995
From the fields to the concert hall, from playing the accordion to the recording studio - these developments reflect the huge changeover that took place in Hebrew Song from the 50s to the 60s. [For full article: TF/MahapachHeb.pdf ]
Personal portfolio: educational Credo [Thoughts on education] (in Hebrew)
Levinsky College of Education. Tel Aviv, June 1998.
Central to Tsippi Fleischer's educational Credo is the placing of the student as subject of the lesson; it is the student who is the focus of the teacher's endeavors. TF/Talkit.pdf
The environment and ourselves from a musical standpoint (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, June 1999.
The best way to study and understand the world of sound surrounding us is to experience it by as much active listening to music as possible and by creative participation; accompanying the above are conclusions on analytic aspects. [For full article: TF/AnahnuVehasvivaHeb.pdf ]
Children's songs: old and new (in Hebrew)
In: Hed HaGan [Quarterly on the Education of Infants, published by the Teachers' Association, Kindergarten Teachers' Division]. Tel Aviv, June 2001.
An extensive survey of children's songs in Hebrew focusing on Jewish holidays, and the contribution of rock musicians to the repertoire of these songs. At the end: a detailed discography of children's songs.
Aharon Zeev and Avraham Shlonsky - words and music (in Hebrew)
In: Research into Children's Literature [Levinsky College of Education, Levin Kipnis Center]. Tel Aviv, 2002.
Songs sung to the words of these two poets - "Tey ve'orez yesh beSin" - "Tea and rice they have in China" (Shlonsky; a folksong) and "Anu nos'im lapidim" - "We carry flaming torches" (Zeev; melody: Mordechai Zeira) were discussed comprehensively during a study day devoted to the poets' creativity on the 100th anniversary of their birth. (The study day was held under the auspices of the Levin Kipnis Center for Children's Literature, the Levinsky College of Education, March 1, 2001). This is a shortened version of Dr. Tsippi Fleischer's lecture. [For full article: TF/Zeev+Shlonsky.pdf ]
Music as a link between Judaism and art (in Hebrew)
In: Bamikhlala [Bulletin of the Levinsky College of Education]. Tel Aviv, 2002.
Music as a link between Judaism and art is at the core of the late Noa Yefet's being. The esteemed educationalist had been one of Tsippi Fleischer's students; in her memory and based on Noa's spiritual legacy, Fleischer established a Study Corner in the Levinsky College. [For full article: TF/MusicYahadutOmanutHeb.pdf ]
One star alone (in Hebrew)
In: Oznayim [Library Project of the Music Department, Ministry of Education and Culture]. Jerusalem, October 2002.
Matti Caspi - an individual yet universal musical figure; his compositional processes and the facets of his creativity combined to fashion a particularly important effect in the music world which, according to Fleischer, justifies the writing of a book devoted to him alone.
Noa Yefet is no more: from the curator (in Hebrew)
[Two articles and editing - in the Study Corner in honor of the late Noa Yefet]. [Levinsky College of Education, Milev]. Tel Aviv, February 2003.
Deeply moved by the late Noa Yefet's personality, Tsippi Fleischer describes the process of establishing the Study Corner dedicated to Noa; the material of the Study Corner was part of her spiritual legacy and includes many items in a variety of formats (folders, books, and more). Copies of the pamphlet are located nearby the Study Corner itself, "Merhavim" area, room 122 at the Levinsky College of Education.
Matti Caspi's harmonic language
Hebrew and English. In: Min'ad - on line [Israel Studies in Musicology]. (Vol.4 - 2005) English. Ramat Gan, 2005.
From the book-in-preparation on Matti Caspi's harmonic language. The song "Mishehu" - "Someone" (words: Ehud Manor) is presented here to illustrate the composer's rich harmonic language.
Nathan Zakh dressed as a rocker -
Matti Caspi interprets
(in Hebrew)
In Peimot [No.1] [Journal for Music and Culture under the auspices of Tel Aviv University: The Sam Rubin Department of Musicology - the Buchman-Mehta School of Music - Yolanda Katz Faculty of the Arts]. Resling Publications, Tel Aviv, summer 2010.
Two artists who have defined new aesthetic criteria in Israeli culture came together to form a new artistic conception. It is presented here by a musical and literary analysis of two of Nathan Zakh's poems set by Matti Caspi - "Loh" (No) and "Leil Sharav" (Hot dry night). Musical examples are incorporated in the article.
Tsippi Fleischer - Interview with a Composer and Educator (In Hebrew)
The Israeli Ministry of Education website (2010-2011).
A 35-minute audio-visual interview with Tsippi Fleischer, posted on Israeli Ministry of Education (Superintendent of the Music Education) website, in seven sections, which are also available separately:
(1) Overture; (2) My path in music; (3) Music education; (4) Hebrew song; (5) Song harmonization; (6) Creativity and Composition; (7) Coda: My Love for Israel. To watch the complete interview: http://tinyurl.com/2ek6qye